Programming the Save Buttons

The Save and Save As buttons are a bit more complicated, in part due to the need to set the sensitivity of the Save button over time, and that the Save button should not open a dialog when there is an active file, but immediately save that file to the disk.


We shall do something a bit different with the Save and Save As buttons. We will declare a App::save_event() method we shall integrate within the App::connect_events() method, but we will leave the implementation details to a save() function within the module.

The key parameters that we need for the two dialogs is save_button that we are going to program, the actual Save button which is named actual_button, access to the current file's ActiveMetadata, and an indication of whether the provided save_button is a Save As button or not.

# #![allow(unused_variables)]
#fn main() {
// Utilized for programming the "Save" and "Save As" buttons.
fn save_event(
    save_button: &Button,
    actual_button: &Button,
    current_file: Arc<RwLock<Option<ActiveMetadata>>>,
    save_as: bool,
) {
    let editor = self.content.source.buff.clone();
    let headerbar = self.header.container.clone();
    let save_button = save_button.clone();
        move |_| save(&editor, &headerbar, &save_button, &current_file, save_as),


Updated App::connect_event()

In this next step, the App::connect_event() method should be written as so, where we shall see that we have added two new method invocations to App::save_event(). The first invocation will program the Save button, whereas the second invocation will program the Save As button.

# #![allow(unused_variables)]
#fn main() {
/// Creates external state, and maps all of the UI functionality to the UI.
pub fn connect_events(self) -> ConnectedApp {
    // External state to share across events.
    let current_file = Arc::new(RwLock::new(None));
    // Keep track of whether we are fullscreened or not.
    let fullscreen = Arc::new(AtomicBool::new(false));

        let save = &;
        let save_as = &self.header.save_as;

        // Connect all of the events that this UI will act upon.
        self.editor_changed(current_file.clone(), &save.clone());
        self.save_event(&save.clone(), &save.clone(), current_file.clone(), false);
        self.save_event(&save, &save_as, current_file.clone(), true);

    // Wrap the `App` within `ConnectedApp` to enable the developer to execute the program.


Implementing the Module

First we will start with the imports that this module is going to require:

# #![allow(unused_variables)]
#fn main() {
use super::SaveDialog;
use super::misc::*;
use gtk::*;
use sourceview::*;
use state::ActiveMetadata;
use std::fs::OpenOptions;
use std::io::{self, Write};
use std::sync::RwLock;


Then we are going to want to know whether an action saved a new file, overwrote the active file, or the save action was cancelled, and so we are going to create an enum to make that distinction:

# #![allow(unused_variables)]
#fn main() {
pub enum SaveAction {


Writing Data & Getting a SaveAction

The write_data private function will be used to write the given source buffer's data to a file, and report back with the result of the save action. If this was the Save button and there exists a pre-existing ActiveMetadata, then this will merely write the data to the existing file and return an Ok(SaveAction::Saved).

Otherwise, if this was the Save As button that was clicked, or the Save button was clicked when there wasn't an active metadata stored, then a SaveDialog will be spawned to obtain the new file and return an Ok(SaveAction::New(ActiveMetadata)). Unless, of course, the user happened to cancel dialog, in which case we should return an Ok(SaveAction::Canceled).

# #![allow(unused_variables)]
#fn main() {
/// Saves the given data to the file path supplied. If the path is **None**, a save dialog will
/// run to obtain the required path from the user. In the event that the dialog has to run to
/// obtain a file path, this function will return **Ok(Some(path))**, otherwise **Ok(None)**.
/// An **Err** value indicates an I/O-related error occurred when trying to save the file.
fn write_data(path: Option<&ActiveMetadata>, data: &[u8]) -> io::Result<SaveAction> {
    if let Some(path) = path {
        // Save the given data to the given file, truncating the file beforehand.
        let mut file =
        return Ok(SaveAction::Saved);
    let save_dialog = SaveDialog::new(None);
    if let Some(new_path) = {
        let mut file =
        Ok(SaveAction::New(ActiveMetadata::new(new_path, data)))
    } else {


Writing the Public save() Function

Finally, we can get on to writing the public save() function within this module. The first step will naturally be to obtain the text within the source buffer for writing. Then we shall conditionally provide the current file's metadata depending on whether this is the Save As button, or the Save button. Finally, we will act upon the returned SaveAction, where a New variant will provide the new metadata that we will store as the currently active metadata, and to update the title and subtitle accordingly; and the Saved action will signal that we need to get the sum for the text that was written to the disk, and update the currently file's sum to reflect the new state of the file.

# #![allow(unused_variables)]
#fn main() {
pub fn save(
    editor: &Buffer,
    headerbar: &HeaderBar,
    save: &Button,
    current_file: &RwLock<Option<ActiveMetadata>>,
    save_as: bool,
) {
    if let Some(text) = get_buffer(editor) {
        // If we are programming the "Save As" button then we will not use the
        // current path. Otherwise, we will save the editor's text to the
        // current path, if there is a current path.
        let result = if save_as {
            write_data(None, text.as_bytes())
        } else {
            write_data(, text.as_bytes())

        // Now we are to match the result of the save function's output. We should
        // only act upon a return that returns an **Ok(Some(ActiveMetadata))**, setting
        // the title of the header bar, and the current file to the new path that
        // we have received.
        match result {
            Ok(SaveAction::New(file)) => {
                // Update the title and subtitle
                set_title(&headerbar, file.get_path());
                if let Some(parent) = file.get_dir() {
                    let subtitle: &str = &parent.to_string_lossy();
                let mut current_file = current_file.write().unwrap();
                *current_file = Some(file);
            Ok(SaveAction::Saved) => {
                if let Some(ref mut current_file) = *current_file.write().unwrap() {
            _ => (),